The “New” Multiculturalism: National and Educational Perspectives, pp. 10 of 11

Clammer, J. (1998). Race and state in independent Singapore 1965-1990: Multiculturalism and the cultural politics of pluralism. Adershot: Ashgate.

Elliot, L., & Atkinson, D. (1998). The age of insecurity. London: Verso.

Gee, J. (2014). “Little India Events in Perspective,” On the Move, April 10 2014.

Goh, D. P. S. (2009). Towards a critical multiculturalism. In D.P.S. Goh, M. Gabrielpillai, P. Holden, & G.C. Khoo (Eds.), Race and multiculturalism in Malaysia and Singapore, pp. 213-218. London & NY: Routledge.

Goh, D. P. S., Gabrielpillai, M., Holden, P., & Khoo, G. C. (Eds.) (2009). Race and multiculturalism in Malaysia and Singapore. London & NY: Routledge.

Guinier, L. (2006). Diversity and equality: balancing the scales. In K. Holbrook, A. S. Kim, B. Palmer & A. Portnoy (Eds.). Global Values 101. Boston: Beacon Press.

Hill, M. H., & Lian, F. K. (1995). The Politics of nation building and citizenship in Singapore. London & NY: Routledge.

Hornberg, S. (July 2002). Human rights education as an integral part of general education. International Review of Education, Vol. 48, No. 3/4, Education and Human Rights, 187-198.

Ismail, R. (2007). Ignoring the elephant in the room: Racism in the war on terror. In N. Gopalkrishnan & H. Babacan (Eds.), Racisms in the New World Order: Realities of Culture, Colour and Identity, pp. 74-94. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Ismail, R. (2007) Muslims in Singapore as a case study for understanding inclusion/exclusion phenomenon. In Fulbright Symposium: Muslim Citizens in the West: Promoting Social Inclusion. Perth, Western Australia: UWA Centre for Muslim States and Societies.

Ismail, R. (2008) ‘It’s a small world after all’? Rethinking multiracialism in globalising W\world: A case study. In Globalization, Multicultural Society, and Education: Education in Asia. Seoul, South Korea: Korean Philosophy of Education Society.

Ismail, R. (2010). 'I get by with a little help from my friends?' Volunteerism as multicultural experiential education. Multicultural Education Review, 2(2), 32-56.

Ismail, R. (In-press). Muslims in Singapore as a case study for understanding inclusion/exclusion phenomenon. In S. Yasmeen & N. Markovic (Eds.), Muslims in the West: Spaces and Agents of Inclusion and Exclusion. Farham, Surrey: Ashgate.

Ismail, R., & Shaw B. (2011). Future proofing the intelligent island? Singapore resilience as 'tahan lasak' or 'exceedingly hardy.' In Proceedings of the 1st World Sustainability Forum, 1-30 November Basel, Switzerland: Sciforum Electronic Conferences Series.

Ismail, R., & Shaw B. J. (2014), Singapore’s Geylang Serai and the Ramadan Bazaar: Resilient culture in a seasonal space, WHOSE TRADITION? Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Traditional Environments. Paper accepted and to be presented in Kuala Lumpur, December 2014.

Judt, T. (2010). Ill fares the land. London: Penguin.

Kwok, K. W. (2007). Just what is new about the ‘new politics of identity’? In T, T. How (Ed.), Singapore Perspectives 2007: A new Singapore, pp. 57-68. Singapore: IPS.

Kymlicka, W. (1996). Multicultural citizenship: A liberal theory of minority rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kymlicka, W. (2005). Liberal multiculturalism: Western models, global trends, and Asian debates. In W. Kymlicka & B. He (Eds.) Multiculturalism in Asia, pp. 22-55. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lai, A. E. (2004). Introduction: Beyond rituals and riots. In A. E. Lai (Ed.), Beyond rituals and riots: ethnic pluralism and social cohesion in Singapore, pp. 1-40. Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, Marshall Cavendish International.

Lee, H. L. (1997). Launch of National Education. 17 May. Available at

Lee, H. L. (2006). Singapore an oasis in a troubled world. Speech by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong at the official Opening of the Harmony Centre at An-Nahdah Mosque, 7 October.

Lee, P. (2014). “‘Reach out beyond main races here’, The Straits Times, July 22 2014.

Low, D., & Vadaketh, S. T. (2014). Hard choices: Challenging the Singapore consensus. Singapore: NUS Press Singapore.

Mathews, M. (2014). Whose “community norms” are policies based on?” The Straits Times, August 4 2014.

Ministry of Education (2008). Education in Singapore. Available at

Mitchell, K. (2003). Educating the national citizen in neoliberal times: from the multicultural self to the strategic cosmopolitan. Transactions - Institute of British Geographers, 28(4), 387-403.

Ooi, G. L., & Shaw, B. J. (2004). Beyond the port city: Development and identity in 21st century Singapore. Singapore: Pearson.

Poon, A. (2009). Pick and mix for a global city: race and cosmopolitanism in Singapore. In Goh, D. P. S. Gabrielpillai, M. Holden, P., & Khoo, G. C. (Eds.), Race and multiculturalism in Malaysia and Singapore, pp. 70-85. London & New York: Routledge.

PuruShotam, N. S. (1998). Negotiating language, constructing race: disciplining difference in Singapore. Berlin & NY: Mouton de Gruyter.

Rahim, L. Z. (1998). The Singapore dilemma: The political and educational marginality of the Malay community. New York: Oxford University Press.

Shaw, B. J., & Ismail, R. (2010). ‘Good fences make good neighbours’? Geographies of marginalisation: Housing Singapore’s foreign workers. In Chang, C.H., Ho, L.C., Seow, T.D.I.C., Chatterjea, K. & Tan, G.C.I. (Eds.), Understanding the changing space, place and cultures of Asia - SEAGA 2010 online proceedings Singapore: Southeast Asian Geography Association. Singapore: Southeast Asian Geography Association.

Singapore Institute of International Affairs, “Alternatives for Singapore’s Future, June 27. 2014. Available at

Tan, T. (2009). Speech On the Occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the Hindi Society and Hindi Centres, 25 July. Previously available at

Taylor, C. (1994). The politics of recognition." In D.T. Goldberg (Ed.), Multiculturalism: A Critical Reader, pp. 75–106. Boston: Basil Blackwell Publishers

Velayutham, S. (2007). Responding to globalization: Nation, culture and identity in Singapore. Singapore: ISEAS.

Velayutham, S. (2007). Everyday racism in Singapore. In S. Velayutham & A. Wise (Eds.) Everyday Multiculturalism Conference Proceedings. Sydney: Macquarie University.


An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

Newsletter Subscription

Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up-to-date with new journal issues!