How High’s the Water, Mama? A Reflection on Water Resource Education in Singapore, pp. 9 of 33

The review suggested that several overseas geography syllabuses had changed to include the use of issue-based frameworks to help with the scoping of content. Singapore teachers also remarked that an issue-based framework would enable students to be exposed to a range of geographical issues as well as sufficient depth in each area. This provided a strong basis for adopting an issue-based approach for the 2014 syllabus.

Teachers also strongly felt that environmental issues should be included in the curriculum due to its relevance to students’ lives, with a recommendation of including more current local and global examples to help students appreciate the relevance of the topics. This led to the inclusion of Water Resources as an issue to be studied in the 2014 curriculum, with detailed elaboration, for greater relevance to students’ learning. This was reinforced by interviews with external experts such as PUB.

Lower Secondary Geography syllabus (2014)

With the findings of the 2010 curriculum review, changes were proposed and subsequently effected in the 2014 syllabus, including the adoption of an issue-based framework whereby students would acquire an understanding of Geography through the study of significant environmental issues confronting Singapore and the world. Using such an approach, the content was scoped to provide sufficient breadth and depth for students to understand each issue.

An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

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