The Phasing-Out Of Venice In The Social Studies Curriculum: No More Lessons To Be Learnt?, pp. 11 of 16


[i] It is however worth noting that Hamilton-Hart highlights the differences in a way as if Singapore “has made it”; for instance, Singapore or people of Singapore are portrayed as being risk-averse, not monopolistic or oligarchic, as well as “would never become an entertainment city at the expense of industrial and commercial viability.”

[ii] In the later part of Hayek’s career, he was supposedly to have been more accepting of neoclassical methodology, government intervention in the economy as well as authoritarianism.

[iii] This is different from the metaphysical naturalism claimed by the creationists In a Ph.D thesis examining “naturalism in the philosophies of John Dewey and Zhuangzi”, Christopher Kirby (2008, p. 115) highlights that “interpretations of Zhuangzi have been drawn generally from a western philosophical framework that hangs on assumptions that are rooted in some sort of dualism.” Dualism denotes binary opposition, a meaning that is preserved in metaphysical and philosophical duality discourse but has been generalized in other usages to indicate a system which contains two essential parts. Kirby clarifies that Zhuangzi’s type of naturalism is not (possible to be) “contiguous with or subservient to any hard or natural sciences” but connects to the non-reductive humanistic naturalism. Drawing upon John Ryder’s work, Kirby lists the theses of Zhuangzi’s ideas (Ryder, 2003, p. 64; Kirby, 2008, p. 115):

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An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

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