The Phasing-Out Of Venice In The Social Studies Curriculum: No More Lessons To Be Learnt?, pp. 15 of 16

[v] The first post-independence recession of the city-state was experienced in 1985.

[vi] “Opacity and secrecy is needed precisely in the management of GIC’s overseas investment and Temasek’s domestic investment of surplus” (Low, 2006, p. 424).

[vii] Embedded in the first two issues is the question of the extent to which “stone can be unturned” so that more transparency and decentralisation can take place.

[viii] Singapore is also a member of the Transboundary Haze Pollution Institutional Framework.

[ix] Malaysia banned the export of sand to Singapore in 1997. Indonesia banned the export of sand to Singapore in 2007. In 2010, an NGO put up a report pointing out that dredging operations in Cambodia to supply sand to Singapore appears to have caused a “degradation of ecosystems [leading to a fall in freshwater] harvests that threatened the livelihood of local communities.”

[x] At present, Indonesia does not have a complete map which delineates the boundaries of the licences issued (Straits Times 1 Oct 2015).

[xi] Siam in the 19th century was able to grow in this way sandwiched between the French and British.

[xii] Based on the estimation that China will become a high-income country by then.

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An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

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