The Place of History in Multicultural Education, pp. 13 of 15

“participants in the creation of a better future”

The responses to the challenges of effecting truly transformative experiences through a reform process needs to consider myriad components of education, the experiences of past and present and the identities of all pupils. The natural home seems to be in the development, extension and integration of new curriculum models which places the idea of global and multicultural citizenship at its core: a layering of identities, responsibilities and with that perspective that aims for the ultimate objective in multicultural education, i.e. social justice. Banks’ contention explicates this clearly (2008, p. 129):

…effective and transformative citizenship education helps students to acquire the knowledge, skills and values needed to function effectively within their cultural community, nation-state, and region in the global community. Such an education also helps to acquire a cosmopolitan perspectives and values needed to work for equality and social justice around the world.

Framing these assertions are the contentions made earlier on importance of interrogating narratives especially the suggestions on assimilative, universalist or liberal prisms of dealing with difference as acceptable norms. Similarly, there is also a need to reiterate the warning on not underestimating the impact of hard and soft power in its multidimensional forms from terminological definitions, conceptual formulation and policy executions. New curriculum models will be contested by “culturally problematic schools” (Hudson, 2003, p. 385) or a sovereign state will decide, as its right, to globalising on its own terms (Chong, 2006, Banks 2008, p. 132) with carefully calibrated control and balance between inclusion/exclusion, socialisation/criticality and nationalism/internationalism.

An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

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