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[i] Examples of resources are: (a) material found in the Upper and Lower Secondary History Teaching and Learning Guides produced by the History Unit, Curriculum Planning and Development Division (b) The Big Six: Historical Thinking Concepts, by Peter Seixas and Tom Morton. Toronto, ON: Nelson Education, 2013 (c) Teaching History Journal of The Historical Association (UK)

[ii] Since 2012, many workshops/ courses have been organized for history teachers regarding the teaching of historical concepts aimed at supporting the implementation of the new history syllabuses.

[iii] Based on 7-point Likert scale of ‘1 for strongly agree, ‘2 for agree’, ‘3 for somewhat agree’, ‘4 for neutral’, ‘5 for somewhat disagree’, ‘6 for disagree’, and ‘7 for strongly disagree’.



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