Improving Student Ability in Interpreting Visual Sources through Action Research, pp. 14 of 14


Anderson, L. W., Krathwohl, D. R., & Bloom, B. S. (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing: A revision of Bloom's taxonomy of educational objectives. Allyn & Bacon.

Andrade, H. G. (1997). Understanding rubrics. Educational leadership, 54(4), 14-17.

Brookhart, S. M. (2013). How to create and use rubrics for formative assessment and grading. ASCD.

Burack, J. (2014). Interpreting political cartoons in the history classroom.Retrieved from:

Gallavan, NP, Webster-Smith, A. & Dean, S.S. (2012), Connecting Content, Context and Communication in a Sixth-Grade Social Studies Class Through Political Cartoons. The Social Studies (2012), 103, 188-191.

Haas, M.E. (2017). What is the Role of Visual Literacy in Increasing Social Studies Learning with Gifted Youth. In Digging Deeper: Activities for Enriching and Expanding Social Studies Instruction K-12. (Eds. M.Gail Hickey & Jeremiah C.Clabough). Charlotte, N.C., USA: Information Age Publishing Inc.

Hetzmann, W. R. (2000). Looking at elections through the cartoonist’s eye. Social Education, 64(5), 414-319.

Ministry of Education, Singapore. (2017). History Syllabus: Upper Secondary Express Course and Normal (Academic Course). Downloaded from

Ministry of Education, Singapore. (2017). Social Studies Syllabus: Upper Secondary Express Course and Normal (Academic Course). Downloaded from

Neighbor, T. W., Karaca, C., & Lang, K. (2014). Understanding the World of Political Cartoons. Newspaper in education, Settle Post intelligencer Seattle, Washington: world affair council.

Nokes, J. D. (2013). Building students’ historical literacies: Learning to read and reason with historical texts and evidence. New York: Routledge.

Schoenfeldt, M. (2000). Getting the Point: Studying Editorial Cartoons in the Third Grade. Social Studies and the Young Learner 12(1):13-15.

Stavroudis, C. (2014). Political Cartoons in the EFL and American Studies Classroom. American Studies Journal. Retrieved from:

 Morrison, S. (1992). The Feminization of the German Democratic Republic in Political Cartoons 1989-90. The Journal of Popular Culture 25(4): 35-52

Wineburg, W., Martin D., & Monte-Sano, C. (2012). Reading like a historian: Teaching literacy in Middle and High School History Classroom. (New York: Teachers College Press).


Related Teaching Materials

annex1.85 MB

An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

Newsletter Subscription

Subscribe to our newsletter and stay up-to-date with new journal issues!