The Significance of Mass Migration, and How to Better Talk about it, pp. 10 of 10


[i] The Awakening (雾索南洋), and The Price of Peace (和平的代价), were drama serials by the Singapore Broadcasting Company/ Television Company of Singapore.

[ii] Mckeown, Adam. ”Global Migration 1846-1940." Journal of World History 15, no. 2 (2004): 155-189.

[iii] Belich, James. Replenishing the Earth the Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-world, 1783-1939. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. 1-18.

[iv] Belich, 2009. 58-70.

[v] Darwin, John. "Imperialism and the Victorians: The Dynamics of Territorial Expansion." The English Historical Review 112, no. 447 (1997): 614-42.

[vi] Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice. World-systems analysis: An Introduction. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004. 23–24.

[vii] Lewis, Joanna. “The British Empire and World History: Welfare Imperialism and Soft Power in the Rise and Fall of Colonial Rule.” Colonialism and Welfare: Social Policy and the British Imperial Legacy. Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011. p. 19.

[viii] Curriculum Planning and Development Division. 2014 Lower Secondary History Teaching Syllabus. Singapore, Singapore: Ministry of Education, 2013.

[ix] Northrup, David. “Migration from Africa, Asia, and the South Pacific.” Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol. III. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 88-99; Trocki, Carl A. “Political Structures in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries” in Cambridge History of Southeast Asia, Vol. Two, Part One. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 104-113.

[x] Ching-Hwang, Yen. A Social History of the Chinese in Singapore and Malaya, 1800-1911. Singapore ; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. 286-288; Rai, Rajesh. "Sepoys, Convicts and the Bazaar Contingent: The Emergence and Exclusion of Hindustani Pioneers at the Singapore Frontier." Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 35, no. 1 (2004): 1-19.

[xi] Lee, Poh Ping. Chinese Society in Nineteenth Century Singapore. Kuala Lumpur, 1978. 39.

[xii] Saw, Swee-Hock. The Population of Singapore. 2nd ed. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2007.

[xiii] Hock, Chen Mong. The Early Chinese Newspapers of Singapore, 1881-1912. Singapore: University of Malaya Press, 1967; Roff, William R. The Origins of Malay Nationalism. 2nd ed. Kuala Lumpur ; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994. 49.

[xiv] Turnbull, C. M. The History of Modern Singapore, 1819-2005. Singapore: NUS Press, 2009. 53-55.

[xv] Belich,  23-44.

[xvi] Drescher, Seymour. The Mighty Experiment : Free Labor vs. Slavery in British Emancipation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. 3-7.

[xvii] Darwin, John. The Empire Project : The Rise and Fall of the British World-system, 1830-1970. Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 112-114.

[xviii] Beckert, Sven. Empire of Cotton : A New History of Global Capitalism. 2015. 1-28.

[xix] Jackson, R. N. Immigrant Labour and the Development of Malaya, 1786-1920. Kuala Lumpur]: Government Press, 1961. 1-18, 30-41.

An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

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