Assessment for Learning in History: Maximizing Error Analysis to bridge students’ learning gaps in answering Source-Based Case Study Questions, pp. 4 of 13

4. Scaffolding questions

A series of questions are included in the error analysis template and are juxtaposed beside the suggested student’s sample answer. These questions help to focus the students’ attention on the sample answers and help to scaffold their thought processes. Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy is used to build progression in the questions as it serves as a useful tool to move students beyond the simple recall-type of questions into higher order thinking of analysing, evaluating and creating of own answers (see Figure 2).

Figure 2. Example of questions using Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy


Student’s Answer

My comments

Student  A :




No, it does not mean that Source A is of no use as evidence about the USA involvement in the Korean War in 1950 as the Truman Doctrine shapes the way USA acts and thinks. Not only that, the Truman Doctrine was technically applied in the Korean War as the Truman Doctrine was actually one of the reasons to why there was USA involvement in the Korean War. Source A suggests that the doctrine is a policy of the United States to support people who are fending off against invasions by external powers primarily through economic and financial aid. Coming from the context of the 1950s, North Korea had external powers helping them, the USSR, which threatened South Korea due to their aggression. However, just like the source,  “……..” (assuming evidence fully supports inference) USA got involved and supported the South Koreans by providing them financial and economic aid and also military aid later on. This is evident from, “……….”(assuming evidence fully supports inference)



This answer stops here. Should it stop here? (Teacher’s comment)






  1. Do you think ATQ was done?

       Why/Why not?

  • YES. ATQ was done as the answer links the Truman Doctrine clearly to the Korean War and even explains the reason why there was involvement in the War because of the existence of the Truman Doctrine.



  1. How can the ATQ be polished further?

Take a green pen/pencil to revise Student A’’s answer



3.     Explain how the CK makes sense to the inference provided:

4.    The CK makes sense as it links the Korean War to the threats from USSR and justifies why the USA eventually got involved in the War to support the South. It is not simply a piece of general information left hanging without any link to the inference.





4.     What else is missing?




An Inspiring Quote

"[Open-mindedness] includes an active desire to listen to more sides than one; to give heed to facts from whatever source they come; to give full attention to alternative possibilities; to recognize the possibility of error even in the beliefs that are dearest to us."

~ John Dewey, How We Think

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